Fermented Soy Bean 淡豆豉  Mildly salty and tasty, this is used to complement the flavour of other ingredients in a dish.

Flowering Chives = Flowering Garlic Chives 韭菜花  These come from the same plant as Chinese chives.  They're usually marketed and cooked before the flower buds open.

floweringchives

Fish Balls 魚蛋 A common food in southern China and overseas Chinese communities.  The fish in fish balls is pounded, which gives a chewy texture.  

fishballs

Fish Maw 魚肚  This is the swim bladder from large fish and eels.  It has a slippery and viscous texture.

fishmaw 

Fish Sauce 魚露  A condiment derived from fish that have been allowed to ferment; it is essential in many curries and sauces. It can also be used as an ingredient in dipping condiments for fish, shrimp, pork, and chicken.  Fish sauce is a staple ingredient for numerous cultures in Southeast Asia and the coastal regions of East Asia, and features heavily in Thai and Vietnamese cuisine.   In parts of southern China it is used in soups and casseroles.

fishsauce

Five Spice Powder 五香粉  This brown powder is a mixture of star anise, Sichuan peppercorns, fennel, cloves, and cinnamon.

chinese5spice

Fungi 菌類  Come in a wide variety, and add unique flavour and aroma to a dish.