KS 3 & KS 4
Design and Technology- Food Technology;
Cross-curriculum learning - Citizenship, History and Geography
Classic Black Bean Chicken
Download Lesson Plan (Full Updated Version)
- 300g chicken breast (cut into cubes or diced)
- 2 shallots (finely chopped)
- 1 small green pepper (diced)
- 1 small red or yellow bell pepper (diced)
- 1 tbsp cooking oil
- 1 tbsp Lee Kum Kee Premium Oyster Sauce
- 1 tbsp Lee Kum Kee Black Bean Garlic Sauce
- 1 tsp sugar
- 2tbsp water
1. Marinate the chicken with oyster sauce and set aside.
2. Sauté shallots over medium heat for 2 minutes, add chicken to stir fry for 5 minutes.
3. Add in the peppers and sauce mix for a further 3 minutes until the chicken is cooked through.
Tips: If there is not much juice coming out from the cooking, please add in the 2 tbsp water to aid the cooking.
A. Activity Plan
- How to make a traditional Chinese cuisine.
- Use various ingredients like shallots which is common in Asian cuisines.
- Use various seasoning source e.g. Black Bean Garlic Sauce and Oyster sauce.
- How to handle meat properly.
- Learn cooking techniques – Marinating and Stir-frying
- Learn to use a wok
- Increase cultural understanding through learning about Chinese cuisines, utensils like wok and eating culture
B. Popular ingredients in Chinese dishes
These are mildly flavoured members of the onion family, although much smaller than onions.
Soy-beans have always been a crucial crop in East Asia. Their cultivation was long confined chiefly to China and Manchuria, but gradually spread to other East Asian countries such as Korea and Japan. They are now a major crop in the United States, Brazil, Argentina, India, and China. Soy-beans are considered to be a source of complete protein, so it can replace animal-based foods
C. Chinese Sauces
Oyster sauce is made with oyster extracts from oysters. Lee Kum Kee Premium Oyster Sauce originated since 1888 made with oyster extracts from the finest oysters. Use it as an all-purpose seasoning sauce to uplift the umami taste of meat and vegetables. Traditionally used as a marinade, it is a seasoning for stir-fries, as a condiment for many Chinese dishes.
Lee Kum Kee's Black Bean or in Chinese 豆豉(pinyin douchi) is a fermented and salted soy-bean. A popular flavouring in Chinese cuisine fermented black soy-beans has a long history in the cuisine dating back to 165 BCE. Typically used for flavouring fish or stir-fried vegetables it is used in small quantities due to its strong salty taste.
D. Preparation and Cooking techniques
1. Marinating technique
Marinating technique is very important in cooking Chinese dishes. Marination is the process of soaking foods in a seasoned liquid before cooking. It is commonly used to add flavor to the food and to tenderize tougher cuts of meat. The process may last min or days. Different marinades are used in different cuisines.
In Chinese cuisines, oyster sauce and soy sauce are quite common in marinating meat.
Stir-frying is a technique that when properly executed, foods can be cooked in minutes in very little oil so they retain their natural flavours and textures. Stir frying is a popular Chinese cooking technique for preparing food in a wok: chao. The chao technique is similar to the Western technique of sautéing. A small amount of cooking oil is poured down the side of the wok, followed by dry seasoning e.g. ginger and garlic, then at the first moment the seasoning can be smelled, meats are added and agitated.
Sautéing is a method of cooking food that uses a small amount of fat in a shallow pan over relatively high heat. Ingredients are usually cut into pieces or thinly sliced to facilitate fast cooking.
E. Cooking tools
A most useful and versatile piece of equipment, the wok may be used for stir frying, blanching, deep-frying and steaming foods.
A wok is a versatile round-bottomed cooking vessel originating in China. It is used especially in East and South-East Asia.
The most common materials used in making woks today are carbon steel and cast iron. Although the latter was the most common type used in the past, cooks today tend to be divided on which woks are superior, i.e. carbon steel or cast iron.
F. Story behind the dishes
Black beans are fermented black soybeans which are native to East Asia. They are widely used in China to produce sauces such as black bean sauce. The beans date back to at least 200 BCE. According to the ancient Chinese myth, in 2853 BCE, the legendary Emperor Shennong of China proclaimed that five plants were sacred: soybeans, rice, wheat, barley, and millet. These five grains have been at the heart of Chinese food and cuisines for millennia! Today soybeans are the third most used grain in China, after rice and wheat.
Soy bean has lower level of carbohydrate than normal legumes, but more protein and oil: it offers protein and calcium, and that is why it is often so used by vegetarians, who don't get these nutrients from meat or dairy products. In ancient days there had been a lot of trial and error in mastering the processes required to cook soy bean; in fact, even after lengthy boiling, soy beans remain quite tough and beany, and taste a little bitter, remaining largely indigestible. After the Zhou Dynasty, the Chinese learned that to more fully exploit the protein, the soy bean needed to be processed further.
Fermented black soybeans are called douchi and are used for making sauces: a pot containing douchi was found in a tomb dated 165 BCE that was found in 1972. Black soybean also played a central role also in trade and making fortunes. Records show that by 76 BCE two of the wealthiest merchants in the whole China had made their fortune through the trade of fermented black soybeans.
From here we can begin to pick up literary references to black soybeans and in 701 CE the first mention of black soy beans can be found in Japan in the Imperial palace referred to as "kuki" or "shi". It is not until 1815-1823 that the West got its sample of black soybeans. A mention of them appearing in A Dictionary of the Chinese Language in Three Parts, where they are here called "she"; through the 19th century further mention is made of them across the Western world.