KS 3 & KS 4
Design and Technology- Food Technology;
Cross-curriculum learning - Citizenship, History and Geography
Stir-fried Noodles with Garden Vegetables (Vegetarian)
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- 150g egg noodles, dried
- 1Tbsp vegetable oil
- 5 g finely chopped fresh ginger
- 5g finely chopped garlic
- 1 medium carrot, cut into fine matchsticks
- 20g yellow and red pepper, deseeded and thinly sliced
- 20g mangetout
- 1 spring onion, finely chopped
- 30g beansprouts
- 3Tbsp Lee Kum Kee Premium Oyster Sauce
- 1Tbsp Lee Kum Kee Premium Light Soy Sauce
- 1Tbsp Lee Kum Kee Chiu Chow Chilli Oil or
- Chilli Bean Sauce (Optional)
1. Cook the noodles according to the instructions on the pack. Drain and set aside.
2. Heat the oil in a wok or large frying pan, then stir-fry the ginger and garlic for 1 min before adding all the vegetables and stir-fry over high heat for 2-3 minutes.
3. Add in the noodles and sauce mix until heated through before serving.
A. Activity Plan
- How to make a traditional Chinese cuisine
- Use various ingredients like beansprouts, spring onion, ginger and noodles which are common in Asian cuisines.
- Use various seasoning source e.g. Chiu Chou chilli oil, soy sauce and oyster sauce.
- Learn cooking techniques - stir-fry
- Learn to use a wok
- Learn how to cook noodles
- Increase cultural understanding through learning about Chinese cuisines, utensils like wok and eating culture
B. Popular ingredients in Chinese dishes
Fresh root ginger is an indispensable ingredient in Chinese cookery; its pungent, spicy and fresh taste adds a subtle flavour.
Sprouts of the green mung bean. They are crisp and nutty, and they're the best sprouts for stir-frying, though they can also be served raw.
To keep them fresh, rinse them and immerse them in cold water, then store them in the refrigerator. They are very perishable, so try to use them within a day or two.
An essential part of Chinese cookery for thousands of years, used in numerous ways: whole, chopped, diced, crushed or pickled.
4. Spring Onion
These are onions that have small bulbs and long green stalks. They are usually eaten raw, but you can also grill or sauté them.
A green vegetable with a tender, crunchy texture and fresh, sweet flavour. It is a member of the pea family, and has much thicker and sweeter pods than the snow pea.
6. Fresh noodles vs dried noodles
Noodles are made of dough, combining water and flour, and sometimes eggs. They can both be handmade on the spot and bought dried in a package, but the two versions aren't quite the same thing for a number of reasons.
Usually, the version containing egg is the fresh one, because eggs help thicken the dough, although you can find egg-layered dried noodles sold in packs.
Fresh noodles retain liquid (water/soup), so they cook faster (as little as 1 minute, if they are very thin) and must be added last minute to the recipe. Dried noodles can be bought in many sizes and shapes, and they take longer to cook and absorb less liquid.
C. Chinese Sauces
Soy Sauce is an essential ingredient in Chinese cooking. Lee Kum Kee Premium Light Soy Sauce is made from a mixture of Soya beans, flour and water. Light Soy Sauce is saltier and lighter in colour, while dark soy sauce has been aged and has a darker colour.
Dark soy sauce is thicker and more suitable in stews.
Oyster sauce is made with oyster extracts from oysters. Lee Kum Kee Premium Oyster Sauce originated since 1888 made with oyster extracts from the finest oysters.
Use it as an all-purpose seasoning sauce to uplift the umami taste of meat and vegetables. Traditionally used as a marinade, it is a seasoning for stir-fries, as a condiment for many Chinese dishes.
Chiu Chow Chilli Oil
Lee Kum Kee's Chiu Chow Chili Oil is a regional chili sauce that originates from Chiu Chow, China. It is prepared from the preserved chilies and garlic blended with soy bean oil into spicy sauce.
This sauce is perfect for dipping, cooking, stir-frying, dim sum, noodles and even salad dressings.
This oil should not be used too liberally as it is very hot.
Chilli Bean Sauce
Lee Kum Kee's Chilli Bean Sauce, also known as "Toban Djan", is a Sichuan style ingredient paste with a pungent blend of salted chilli peppers, soybean and broad bean pastes. The Chilli Bean Sauce can be used for Sichuan style stir-fries or as a dip. The sauce makes very for a very spicy dish.
D. Preparation and Cooking techniques
Stir-frying is a technique that, when properly executed, allows foods to be cooked in minutes with very little oil, so that they retain their natural flavours and textures. In Chinese cuisine, this technique is usually executed with a wok, and it is called: chao 炒.
The chao technique is similar to the Western technique of sautéing. A small amount of cooking oil is poured down the side of the wok, followed by dry seasoning (for example, ginger and garlic); then, as soon as the seasoning can be smelled, meat, tofu and other ingredients are added and tossed around, agitating the wok with energy.
Sautéing is a method of cooking food that uses a small amount of fat in a shallow pan over relatively high heat. Ingredients are usually cut into pieces or thinly sliced to facilitate fast cooking, and quickly stirred both by moving the wok with the hand and by using a spoon or spatula.
When cooking noodles, pay attention to whether they are dried or fresh: in the first case, you should soak them into water or broth for a few minutes, while in the latter case you have to add them last minute and be very quick.
Stir-frying noodles can be tricky as they tend to stick together or to the bottom of the wok and burn: that is why you have to constantly stir them to make sure they are separated, but do so without breaking them!
E. Cooking tools
A most useful and versatile piece of equipment, the wok may be used for stir frying, blanching, deep-frying and steaming foods.
A wok is a versatile round-bottomed cooking vessel originating in China. It is used especially in East and Southeast Asia. The most common materials used in making woks today are carbon steel and cast iron. Although the latter was the most common type used in the past, cooks today tend to be divided on which woks are superior, i.e. carbon steel or cast iron.
F. Story behind the dish
Noodles are regarded as staple food in Chinese Cuisine, dating back as early as the Shang Dynasty, around 15th century BC (contemporary to the reigns of the most famous Egyptian pharaohs, long before the birth of Greek civilization!). With the Eastern Han Dynasty, over 1900 years ago, the word "mian" (noodles) came into use, and it's still used today. From this period written records appear referring to noodles as "water boiled noodles". Throughout the centuries, noodles became varied, including cold noodles, warm noodles, plain noodles and fried noodles etc.
Noodles can also be made in a huge variety of ways including twisting, paring, stirring, brushing, rubbing, pressing, rolling, leaking and pulling. Generally speaking, noodles are a cheap staple food in China, although wealthy people enjoyed noodles as well, with the most refined sauces and ingredients.
Some people might think that rice is "more Chinese" than noodles. In fact, because of geographical characteristics, Northern part of China does not have the same rice production as the South. Noodles are more popular in the north.
The major ingredient of noodles is flour, yet noodles in the north and south are different. Southern noodles are egg noodles made with plain flour, largely using duck eggs and thus making the noodles much thinner. In the north, noodles are made with wheat flour and avoiding eggs, using lye to make them easier to eat and digest. This difference makes the noodles in the north broader and softer. Ramen is famous in the north and relies on pulling and cutting, which is done through a very manual and physical process. In comparison, noodle production in the south requires a gentle but firm process.
Aside from the differences between north and south there are also differences within the noodles and what they symbolise. "Longevity Noodle" is a type of traditional Chinese noodle. Its long shape symbolises longevity and thus is important for a birthday banquet. Traditionally the noodle must be swallowed without cutting the noodle. In Northern China, families welcome hosts and visiting relatives with a bowl of noodles as welcome tradition.
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